Philosophical Evidence


Philosophical Evidence

The Bible has ways of solving philosophical problems that no other philosophy or religion has been able to do.

For instance, if God is love, then he needs something to love. But if he needs what he has created so he can love someone, then he is dependent on us and therefore not truly God. However, in the trinity (Three persons in one God), God has relationships needed where he can love others (the Father, Son and  Holy Spirit), making him independent and transcendent of all creation.

The fact of the trinity also shows us how far superior, how completely other God is from us. No one has ever thought up something like the “Three-in-One Trinity.” We cannot possible grasp the essence of the trinity; this shows us that God is for beyond us.

Then there is the problem of unity versus diversity. Which is right? The trinity solves this dilemma: three in one; one in three. Both are right!

Then there are the twin problems of evil: its origin and solution. The Bible provides clear answers to both of these while adhering clearly to the stated principles of God’s pure and holy character. Sin came from disobedience, salvation comes by the obedience of Christ. The legal and ethical problems of sinful humans being allowed to enter heaven without making it sinful, are solved in the death and resurrection of Christ, bringing the possibility of forgiveness, transformation and sanctification. This means there is a hope for the end of evil, something that no other religion or philosophy, to my knowledge, can provide.

The Bible bridges the chasms of confusion, giving us a road to clarity and charity.

For further input google “philosophical evidence for the Bible.

May be an image of road




Archeological Evidence

Part 3: evidence of the Bible’s validity

Archeological Evidence

In all that I read, both in the work of secular and religious archeologists, in the end all the evidence points to the Bible being accurate and true. Here are some examples taken from the website http:/ www .manavai.com/articles/art1.htm

  • The discovery of the Ebla archive in northern Syria in the 1970s has shown the Biblical writings concerning the Patriarchs to be viable. Documents written on clay tablets from around 2300 B.C. demonstrate that personal and place names in the Patriarchal accounts are genuine.
  • The name “Canaan” was in use in Ebla, a name critics once said was not used at that time and was used incorrectly in the early chapters of the Bible. The word “tehom” (“the deep”) in Genesis 1:2 was said to be a late word demonstrating the late writing of the creation story. “Tehom” was part of the vocabulary at Ebla, in use some 800 years before Moses. Ancient customs reflected in the stories of the Patriarchs have also been found in clay tablets from Nuzi and Mari.
  • The Hittites were once thought to be a Biblical legend, until their capital and records were discovered at Bogazkoy, Turkey.
  • Many thought the Biblical references to Solomon’s wealth were greatly exaggerated. Recovered records from the past show that wealth in antiquity was concentrated with the king and Solomon’s prosperity was entirely feasible.
  • It was once claimed there was no Assyrian king named Sargon as recorded in Isaiah 20:1, because this name was not known in any other record. Then, Sargon’s palace was discovered in Khorsabad, Iraq. The very event mentioned in Isaiah 20, his capture of Ashdod, was recorded on the palace walls. What is more, fragments of a stela memorializing the victory were found at Ashdod itself.
  • Another king who was in doubt was Belshazzar, king of Babylon, named in Daniel 5. The last king of Babylon was Nabonidus according to recorded history. Tablets were found showing that Belshazzar was Nabonidus’ son who served as coregent in Babylon. Thus, Belshazzar could offer to make Daniel “third highest ruler in the kingdom” (Dan. 5:16) for reading the handwriting on the wall, the highest available position. Here we see the “eye-witness” nature of the Biblical record, as is so often brought out by the discoveries of archaeology.
  • Another example is how Archaeological site surveyor Gila Cook accidentally discovered an inscribed stone within a newly excavated wall in Israel. The writing on the stone contains the first historical evidence of King David outside the Bible, qualifying it as one of the most valuable Biblical archaeology findings. This is taken from http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/free-ebooks/ten-top-biblical-archaeology-discoveries/

For many more examples, google “archeology discoveries and the bible”


Picture: Entrance to the Hittite capital city, a spot we have stood in personally

May be an image of Stone Henge and Saqsaywaman


Prophetic Evidence

Part 2 of evidence for the validity of the Bible. Today’s is a bit longer, cos there’s lots of prophetic evidence!

Prophetic Evidence

There is a plethora of prophecies in the Bible that have been fulfilled. One good website for further reading about this is http://www.reasons.org/, from which I got the following examples at http://www.reasons.org/articles/articles/fulfilled-prophecy-evidence-for-the-reliability-of-the-bible

(1) Some time before 500 B.C. the prophet Daniel proclaimed that Israel’s long-awaited Messiah would begin his public ministry 483 years after the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem (Daniel 9:25-26). He further predicted that the Messiah would be “cut off,” killed, and that this event would take place prior to a second destruction of Jerusalem. Abundant documentation shows that these prophecies were perfectly fulfilled in the life (and crucifixion) of Jesus Christ. The decree regarding the restoration of Jerusalem was issued by Persia’s King Artaxerxes to the Hebrew priest Ezra in 458 B.C., 483 years later the ministry of Jesus Christ began in Galilee. (Remember that due to calendar changes, the date for the start of Christ’s ministry is set by most historians at about 26 A.D. Also note that from 1 B.C. to 1 A.D. is just one year.) Jesus’ crucifixion occurred only a few years later, and about four decades later, in 70 A.D. came the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus.

(Probability of chance fulfillment = 1 in 105.)*

(2) In approximately 700 B.C. the prophet Micah named the tiny village of Bethlehem as the birthplace of Israel’s Messiah (Micah 5:2). The fulfillment of this prophecy in the birth of Christ is one of the most widely known and widely celebrated facts in history.

(Probability of chance fulfillment = 1 in 105.)

(3) In the fifth century B.C. a prophet named Zechariah declared that the Messiah would be betrayed for the price of a slave—thirty pieces of silver, according to Jewish law-and also that this money would be used to buy a burial ground for Jerusalem’s poor foreigners (Zechariah 11:12-13). Bible writers and secular historians both record thirty pieces of silver as the sum paid to Judas Iscariot for betraying Jesus, and they indicate that the money went to purchase a “potter’s field,” used—just as predicted—for the burial of poor aliens (Matthew 27:3-10).

(Probability of chance fulfillment = 1 in 1011.)

(4) Some 400 years before crucifixion was invented, both Israel’s King David and the prophet Zechariah described the Messiah’s death in words that perfectly depict that mode of execution. Further, they said that the body would be pierced and that none of the bones would be broken, contrary to customary procedure in cases of crucifixion (Psalm 22 and 34:20; Zechariah 12:10). Again, historians and New Testament writers confirm the fulfillment: Jesus of Nazareth died on a Roman cross, and his extraordinarily quick death eliminated the need for the usual breaking of bones. A spear was thrust into his side to verify that he was, indeed, dead.

(Probability of chance fulfillment = 1 in 1013.)

May be an illustration of studying



Today begins a short new series.
Before I committed my life to Christ I wanted to be sure that what I believed was true. So, I collected evidence for the for the validity of the Bible and belief in Jesus Christ.
This is divided into six categories (historical, prophetic, archeological, philosophical, scientific and experiential)
Today’s entry will be on the historical evidence.
Historical Evidence, briefly.
The Bible is a book of history and gives many points where its descriptions can be checked with secular history to see if they are correct. Here are two clear examples of this.
1. The author of book of Luke in the New Testament was a historian, and gave many references to events and rulers in the land of Israel, all of which can be checked. For instance, in Luke 2:1-2 it says, “In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered. This was the first registration when Quirinius was governor of Syria.” There are three points of reference (the reign of Caesar Augustus, the registration, and Quirinius being governor of Syria) which all can be checked out and prove to be true.
2. Luke 3:1 gives another example of “checkable facts,” mentioning six prominent leaders by name. “In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John the Baptist.” All of these are confirmable from secular history, even the improbable fact of two men sharing the office of high priest!
Many secular historians, including Josephus who lived at the time of Christ, also confirm these and other facts of biblical history,.
3. As the Bible is so accurate in the details, checkable, provable details, that leads us to see how all of it is accurate and trustable.

Sovereign God, Loving Father

Psalm 22:28 “and all the families of the nations will bow down before him, for dominion belongs to the LORD and he rules over the nations.”


[You, Lord God, are the Sovereign One who reigns and rules;

you have control,

you use all for good,

you make your major plans come to pass

while still giving us moral and ethical responsibility in our own spheres of responsibility.

And in the end, all will come, every human being, and bow before you,

whether willingly in belief,

or grudgingly at the judgment seat.


Praise you, Lord God, for the wonder of knowing you and bowing before you now, the King of All, the Lord of Lords, the Ruler of the universe.


Help me to live today in the light of your greatness,

standing in awe of you,

of your love,

of your Word,

of your commands.


May this result in fearing and obeying you instead of raising my thoughts or those of others above your Word. I do  not know better than you.


You are worthy of my full conformity,

my total surrender,

my wholehearted obedience,

so I bow before you now,

that I might bring you great honor today

That I may be fruitful as this bush.


No photo description available.

Love Reaching Out

Psalm 22:27 “All the ends of the earth will remember and turn to the LORD,”

[You, Lord, are at work in all the world, among all peoples, bringing from every group those who respond to your call. Praise you for revealing yourself through your creation, which speaks to us every day of your presence and power, as well as through your Word and the work of your Spirit.

Praise you for your love for every single person, for providing salvation for all, for convicting each of sin, of righteousness and the judgment to come. You do this so that they might seek truth, think truth and decide to escape the condemnation of sin by taking refuge in the forgiveness you offer. You are good and merciful, gracious and kind.

You are love itself, working selflessly in every selfish person, breaking through the barriers we build against you.

You are reaching down into our lives to bring transformation, deepening, maturity and power to live in your light. Help us to cooperate in all this work you are doing, so I may be a useful instrument in your hand, today and everyday.

May be an image of twilight, horizon and lake



This morning I woke up realizing that I was both worrying and complaining. OHHH! Thank you, Holy Spirit, for pointing this out so I could repent. What you brought to  mind are a series of God sightings, some recent, some in the last two years.

This week as I was preparing to do a repair job on some asphalt, a man came walking by and asked me what I was doing. I explained the project to him and he said, “I can do that for you for this much.” Wow, that was less than the supplies I needed for the project and I didn’t have to spend all that time doing it, plus this man was a professional and said he would do more that I’d planned! God sent him at the perfect time.

Then there was the fact I was concerned about my income but the Lord reminded me that He recently had a church, out of the blue,  send me a large amount—the pastor said they’d forgotten to send support for the last several months. It came just  in time to pay a bill.

Then recently another church gave a gift of just the amount I lost in the eviction process.

Just as God said to the Israelites “Remember!” and often did remind them of all He had done for them, so it is important that we remember what He has done for us, especially faced with a new challenge. As He helped me in the past, so He will help me now.

So instead of complaining and being a glory stealer, the Spirit turned me to offering the sacrifice of thanksgiving so I can honor God and open the way so He can show me His salvation. (Ps. 50:23)

Picture: Remember what God has done.


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Psalm 22:26 “The poor will eat and be satisfied;”

[You, Lord, are the Provider of all the physical needs of the world. You remember the needy and weak, being “A father to the fatherless, a defender of widows.” You “set the lonely in families and lead out the prisoners with singing…” (Psa 68:5).

And you also provide the spiritual bread that nourishes and satisfies in all your children. “Then Jesus declared, ‘I am the bread of life. Whoever comes to me will never go hungry, and whoever believes in me will never be thirsty'” (John 6:35).]

“they who seek the LORD will praise him—“

[You are so worthy of praise, Father God, King of the universe, Lord of the nations, Creator and Sustainer of all. When you turn our hearts to seek your face, as we begin to see you as you are, what can we do but praise you in and for all, rejoicing in your being, boasting in our weakness, exalting in your faithfulness and forgiveness.]

“may your hearts live forever!”

[And this is the reality you have promised for your children. You are the Giver of eternal life, the Author of all eternity, the Defeater of death, the Giver of life: in you we will live forever. In you  is our hope, our future, our meaning. Help us to keep our eyes on you, to keep you in the center of our lives. May we continually give honor to you, living in the family of God!]

Picture: part of the family of God, our pastor and his family


May be an image of 3 people

Ever Present

I praise you, Lord Jesus, for your unending presence; you are everywhere at the same time (here on earth, behind the moon, on the other side of the universe and in Heaven). In another way, you are especially near to those who seek you, those whose hearts are open to you. You are near the brokenhearted. You are near the repentant. You are near those righteous in Christ. You are near the obedient. You are deeply at work in the elect, those you know will believe.

I give you glory, Lord God, for how we can trust you with all our hearts because you are faithful with all your heart. Wherever I go, whatever I do, you are always watching, protecting, guiding, keeping, equipping, teaching, revealing, convicting, blocking and loving. You are worthy of praise and glory, of adoration and obedience.

You are the great One, the wise One, the loving One, the holy One, the pure One, the faithful One, the true One, the eternal One.

To you I bow down today, to you I give my heart, my mind, my soul, my body, my time, my possessions, my money, my relationships, my future, my desires, my projects, my health, my strength, my will–my all. I am your son, your steward, your servant, your subject. Praise you for what you will do in me and through me today to bring greater glory to your Name.

Picture from internet; on the other side of the moon?

May be an image of twilight

God Limits Himself

A clear and sunny day here on the farm in CT with early morning fog rising off the pond. Praise be to you, Lord God, Creator of all the beauty before us, beauty which shows us your great heart of love. You share all the reflected glory of your Being through your creation, through the vast variety of flowers and trees, colors and scents, creatures and shapes, landscapes and seas.

Your mind has no limit, your wisdom has no boundary; on the other hand, I praise you that your Character does have limits in the right places: in you there is no sin, no evil, no selfishness, no lying, no double-mindedness, no hypocrisy, no failure, no faithlessness. In you there is only goodness, purity and holiness.

I praise you that you also limit yourself by making promises: you give your Word and you always keep it. You make your vows, you fulfill them. All other possibilities are set aside and you bind yourself to your promised prophecies, always following through.

The choosing of Jesus to be the Savior of the world was your greatest promise, made before creation, and brought to pass at the right time. I give you praise and honor and glory for this marvelous Truth of your faithfulness, for this wonderful reality of your steady heart of truth and love.

And the calling of every person to become your child, while choosing those who will respond. In your wisdom and love you have done this. May we ever revel in you goodness and grace, remembering who we are in you, because of you!

May be an image of twilight, lake, tree and fog